Taking charge of a mission to highlight Russia’s preparations for World Cup 2018, we can not tell a brief history of the world of football championships from the beginning until today. It’s safe to say that after the announcement of FIFA’s decision to hold the World Cup in 2018 in Russia, the number of people in our country have shown interest on the World Cup, taking place in different countries has increased by several times. And our little educational program about what was happening on the football field for all years will not be superfluous.

The exact place of origin of football can hardly be called as excavation and materials suggest that in ancient times, ball games for fun or training for sports training were common in Greece, Egypt, China, Italy and Australia. But perhaps the most compelling story of the development of football was Britain. At different times, this game has flourished and was abolished, to encourage and banned.

Happy Birthday modern football can be considered as 1 December 1863, when the games were defined common rules. In 1908 football was included in the Olympics until the 1928 FIFA Congress has not taken the decision to hold separate and apart from the Olympics Championships World Cup every 4 years.

The first World Cup hosted Uruguay, a country that won twice in soccer tournaments at the Olympics.

So, we represent the chronological sequence of the FIFA World Cup (in 1942 and 1946 championships were not carried out because of World War II).

1930 (held in Uruguay)

13 teams participated: Uruguay, Argentina, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, USA, Yugoslavia, Chile, France, Romania, Paraguay, Peru.

Final: Uruguay – Argentina 4:2

1 st place – Uruguay

2 nd place – Argentina

3 rd place – the United States.

Top scorers:

Guillermo Stabile (Argentina) – 8 goals,

Pedro Cea (Uruguay) – 5

Guillermo Subiabre (Chile), Bert Patenaud (USA) – 4.

1934 (held in Italy)

16 teams participated: Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Germany, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, USA, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Switzerland.

Final: Italy – Czechoslovakia 2:1

1 st place – Italy

2 nd place – Czechoslovakia

3 place – Germany.

Top scorers:

Oldrich Neyedly (Czechoslovakia) – 5 goals

Angelo Schiavio (Italy), Edmund Conen (Germany) – 4,

Raimundo Orsi (Italy), Leopold Kilholts (Germany) – 3.

1938 (held in France)

15 teams participated: Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, Italy, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Switzerland.

Final: Italy – Hungary 4:2

1 st place – Italy

2 nd place – Hungary

3 place – Brazil.

Top scorers:

Leonidas (Brazil) – 7 goals,

Zhengeller Gyula (Hungary) – 6 goals.

Silvio Piola (Italy), Gyorgy Sharoshi (Hungary) – 5 goals

Gino Kolaussi (Italy), Ernest Villimovski (Poland) – 4.

1950 (held in Brazil)

Attended by 13 teams: England, Bolivia, Brazil, Italy, Spain, Mexico, Paraguay, USA, Uruguay, Sweden, Switzerland, Yugoslavia.

Final: Uruguay – Brazil – 2:1

1 st place – Uruguay

2 nd place – Brazil

3 place – Sweden

Top scorers:

Ademir Marques de Menezes (Brazil) – 9 goals,

Bazora (Spain), Oscar Miguez (Uruguay) – 5

Chico (Brazil), Alcides Edgardo Gidzha (Uruguay), Thelma Sara (Spain) – 4.

1954 (held in Switzerland)

16 teams participated: Austria, Britain, Belgium, Brazil, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Turkey, Uruguay, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Switzerland, Scotland, Yugoslavia, South Korea.

Final: Germany – Hungary – 3:2

1 st place – Germany

2 nd place – Hungary

3 rd place – Austria.

Top scorers:

Sandor Kocsis (Hungary) – 11 goals,

Erich Probst (Austria), Josef Hyugi (Switzerland), Max Morlock (Germany) – 6.

1958 (held in Sweden)

16 teams participated: Austria, England, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, Northern Ireland, Soviet Union, Wales, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Scotland, Yugoslavia.

Final: Brazil – Sweden 5:2

1 st place – Brazil

2 nd place – Sweden

3 place – France.

Top scorers:

Just Fontaine (France) – 13 goals,

Pele (Brazil), Helmut Run (Germany) – 6,

Vava (Brazil), Peter Makparland (Northern Ireland) – 5.

1962 (held in Chile)

Attended by 16 teams: England, Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Mexico, USSR, West Germany, Czechoslovakia, Switzerland, Yugoslavia, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Final: Brazil – Czechoslovakia 3:1

1 st place – Brazil

2 nd place – Czechoslovakia

3 rd place – Chile.

Top scorers:

Garrincha, Vava (both Brazil), Leonel Sanchez (Chile), Drazhan Erkovich (Yugoslavia), Valentin Ivanov (USSR), Florian Albert (Hungary) – 4 goals.

1966 (held in England)

Attended by 16 teams: England, Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Korea, Mexico, Portugal, USSR, Uruguay, France, Germany, Chile, Switzerland.

Final: England – Germany 4:2

1 st place – England

2 nd place – Germany

3 rd place – Portugal.

Top scorers:

Eusebio (Portugal) – 9 goals,

Helmut Haller (FRG) – 6

Geoff Hurst (England), Valery Porkuyan (USSR), Ferenc Bene (Hungary), Franz Bekkenbauer (Germany) – 4.

1970 (held in Mexico)

Attended by 16 teams: England, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Israel, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Peru, Romania, USSR, Uruguay, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Sweden.

Final: Brazil – Italy 4:1

1 st place – Brazil

2 nd place – Italy

3 place – Federal Republic of Germany.

Top scorers:

Gerd Muller (West Germany) – 10 goals,

Jairzinho (Brazil) – 7

Teofilo Cubillas (Peru) – 5

Pele (Brazil), Anatoly Byshovets (USSR) – 4.

1974 (held in Germany)

16 teams participated: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Haiti, East Germany, Zaire, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Uruguay, Germany, Chile, Scotland, Sweden, Yugoslavia.

Final: Germany – Netherlands 2:1

1 st place – Germany

2 nd place – the Netherlands,

3 place – Poland.

Top scorers:

Grzegorz Lato (Poland) – 7 goals,

Johan Neeskens (Netherlands), Andrzej Szarmach (Poland) – 5,

Gerd Muller (West Germany), Johnny Rep (Netherlands), Ralf Edstrom (Sweden) – 4.

1978 (held in Argentina)

16 teams participated: Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Tunisia, Netherlands, Peru, Poland, France, Germany, Sweden, and Scotland.

Final: Argentina – Netherlands 3:1

1 st place – Argentina

2 nd place – Netherlands

3 place – Brazil

Top scorers:

Mario Kempes (Argentina) – 6 goals,

Teofilo Cubillas (Peru), Rob Rensenbrink (Netherlands) – 5,

Leopoldo Luque (Argentina), Hans Krankl (Austria) – 4.

1982 (held in Spanish)

24 teams participated: Algeria, Austria, England, Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Honduras, Kuwait, Spain, Italy, New Zealand, Poland, Peru, Northern Ireland, the USSR, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Chile, Scotland , Yugoslavia.

Final: Italy – Germany 3:1

1 st place – Italy

2 nd place – Germany

3 rd place – Poland

Top scorers:

Paolo Rossi (Italy) – 6 goals,

Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (West Germany) – 5

Zbigniew Boniek (Poland), Zico (Brazil) – 4.

1986 (held in Mexico)

24 teams participated: Algeria, Britain, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Hungary, Denmark, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Canada, Mexico, Morocco, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Northern Ireland, the USSR, Uruguay, France, Germany, Scotland , South Korea.

Final: Argentina – Germany 3:2

1 st place – Argentina

2 nd place – Germany

3 place – France

Top scorers:

Gary Lineker (England) – 6 goals,

Careca (Brazil), Emilio Butragueno (Spain), Diego Maradona (Argentina) – 5.

1990 (held in Italy)

24 teams participated: Austria, England, Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Egypt, Cameroon, South Korea, UAE, Ireland, Italy, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Netherlands, Romania, USSR, USA, Uruguay, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Scotland, Yugoslavia.

Final: Germany – Argentina 1:0

1 st place – Germany

2 nd place – Argentina

3 rd place – Italy

Top scorers:

Salvatore Schillaci (Italy) – 6 goals,

Skuhravy (Czechoslovakia) – 5

Michel (Spain), Milla (Cameroon), Matthaus (Germany), Lineker (England) – 4,

Voller, Klinsmann, Brehme (all – Germany), Platt (England) – 3.

1994 (held in the U.S.)

24 teams participated: Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bolivia, Brazil, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Cameroon, Colombia, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Saudi Arabia, the United States, Russia, Romania, Switzerland, Sweden , South Korea.

Final: Brazil – Italy 0:0, 3:2 on penalties

1 st place – Brazil

2 nd place – Italy

3 place – Sweden

Top scorers:

Oleg Salenko (Russia), Hristo Stoichkov (Bulgaria) – 6 goals,

Jurgen Klinsmann (Germany), Kennet Andersson (Sweden), Roberto Baggio (Italy), Romario (Brazil) – 5,

Gabriel Batistuta (Argentina), Reduchoyu Florin (Romania), Martin Dahlin (Sweden) – 4,

Bebeto (Brazil), Dennis Bergkamp (Netherlands), Gheorghe Hagi (Romania), Jose Luis Kaminer (Spain), Tomas Brolin (Sweden) – 3.

1998 (held in France)

Attended by 32 teams: England, Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Denmark, Germany, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Cameroon, Colombia, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Paraguay, Romania, Saudi Arabia, USA, Tunisia Croatia, France, Chile, Scotland, South Africa, Yugoslavia, South Korea, Jamaica, Japan.

Final: France – Brazil 3:0

1 st place – France

2 nd place – Brazil

3 place – Croatia

Top scorers:

Shukere Davor (Croatia) – 6 goals,

Gabriel Batistuta (Argentina), Christian Vieri (Italy) – 5,

Ronaldo (Brazil), Marcelo Salas (Chile), Luis Hernandez (Mexico) – 4.

2002 (held in South Korea)

Attended by 32 teams: England, Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, China, Costa Rica, Mexico, Nigeria, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, USA, Slovenia, Tunisia, Turkey, Uruguay, Croatia, France, Sweden, Ecuador, South Africa, South Korea and Japan.

Final: Germany – Brazil 0:2

1 st place – Brazil

2 nd place – Germany

3 place – Turkey

Top scorers:

Ronaldo (Brazil) – 8 goals,

Miroslav Klose (Germany), Rivaldo (Brazil) – 5,

Christian Vieri (Italy), Jon Dahl Tomasson (Denmark) – 4.

2006 (held in Germany)

32 teams participated: Angola, Australia, England, Argentina, Brazil, Germany, Ghana, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Mexico, Netherlands, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Serbia and Montenegro, USA , Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Ukraine, France, Croatia, Czech Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, South Korea and Japan.

Final: Italy – France 1:1, 5:3 on penalties

1 st place – Italy

2 nd place – France

3 place – Germany

Top scorers:

Miroslav Klose (Germany) – 5 goals

Hernan Crespo, Maxi Rodriguez (both – Argentina), Ronaldo (Brazil), Lukas Podolski (Germany), David Villa, Fernando Torres (both – Spain), Thierry Henry, Zinedine Zidane (both – France) – 3.

2010 (held in South Africa)

32 teams participated: Algeria, Australia, England, Argentina, Brazil, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Cuba, Denmark, Spain, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Korea, Mexico, Nigeria, Netherlands, New Zealand, Paraguay, Portugal Republic of Korea, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, United States, Uruguay, Chile, France, Switzerland, South Africa, Japan.

Final: Netherlands – Italy – 0:1

1 st place – Spain

2 nd place – Netherlands

3 place – Germany

Top scorers:

Thomas Muller (Germany), David Villa (Spain), Wesley Sneijder (Netherlands), Diego Forlan (Uruguay) – 5 goals

Gonzalo Higuain (Argentina), Miroslav Klose (Germany), Robert Vitek (Slovakia) – 4,

Luis Fabiano (Brazil), AsamoaGyan (Ghana), LendonDonovan (USA), Luis Suárez (Uruguay) – 3.